The central part of the home, the bathroom is an essential place in which we all spend several minutes a day. In the morning and in the evening, even during the day. This is where we wash, but it is also a place of relaxation, conducive to letting go and the evacuation of stress. A bathroom that has evolved considerably since its inception.
The beginnings of the bathroom
The bathroom is fairly new. The first mention of the term dates back to 1691. Knowing that it was not until 1765 that a room really began to be moved into houses for washing. The bathtub has often been a luxury. In the old days, a bathtub carrier was used to take a bath, which of course had a certain hit that only the wealthy could afford to pay. At the start of the 20th century, only 2% of New York households were equipped with a bathroom. Most people went to wash in public baths or used a zinc tub placed in the bedroom or in the kitchen. Bathtubs were then made of metal and therefore more difficult to maintain.
Porcelain sinks, which were not invented until the end of the 19th century, were also reserved for a certain bourgeoisie. Then we started to make porcelain bathtubs. Which has considerably helped to democratize them?
The rise of the bathroom
It was not until after World War II, in 1950, that architects began to incorporate bathrooms into their plans. The appearance of apartment complexes in large cities has also helped to develop this “new” habit. However, at the time, a major problem, in any case, prevented the ew York from being able to access this luxury: only 25% of households were equipped with running water.
But things changed quickly. The water came to homes, including the more distant ones that could only rely on water from a well or a river. Built-in furniture was also democratized, allowing many more elements to be accommodated in small spaces. We have also perfected the systems for heating water (thanks to the arrival of gas in homes from the end of the 19th century) and the shower, which had already existed for a long time, in public and collective establishments in particular, and which made also its appearance in houses and apartments.
The modern bathroom
50% of dwellings had a bathroom in 1970. 100% in 2000. A room that today receives much more attention. Some previously popular items, such as the bidet, have disappeared and others have become very popular, such as the walk-in shower. Of course, sinks, lights, and other storage spaces have also evolved with trends, proving that builders and designers alike have made the bathroom one of their main concerns.